Responsible Breeder -
Reputable breeders have one goal in mind: To produce healthy, and physically and behaviorally stable dogs that meet the standard – the written description of the breed. Most would rather gnaw broken glass than purposefully breed for any trait that defies the requirements of the standard.
A responsible breeder will perform health testing and opt out of breeding a dog that carries poor or dangerous genetic traits.
Irresponsible Breeder -
Also known as - Backyard Breeders, BYB, Puppy Mill breeders. These breeders are only in it for the money. These are the puppy mills. There is no concern for the actual health and well being of the animals being produced - the only concern of the BYB is to pump out as many dogs as possible and bring in as much cash as possible. They often spend the absolute minimum on the dogs to keep them alive.
These breeders will often market puppies that deviate from breed standards. This will include sized too large or small, colors or color patterns that aren't correct for the breed. In extreme cases, some breeders will intentionally produce albino animals.
Run, don’t walk, from any breeder who is actively marketing puppies that deviate from the breed standard. This includes Toy dog breeders who boast about their “teacups”: These cleverly marketed runts are susceptible to a variety of health problems – starting with the inability to maintain their blood-sugar levels – and are not a recognized size in any breed.
Fad colors should also send you streaking for the exit. The only reason to intentionally perpetuate them is to cash in on the naiveté of buyers who are willing to pay top dollar because of their “rarity.”
Albino Doberman -
The first spontaneously born albino Doberman was born in November 10, 1976. Her name was Padula’s Queen Sheba (“Sheba”), AKC Registration No. WE166747.
Medically, albinism in animals is caused by a lack of pigmentation (melanin) in the body. Melanin is responsible for the coloration of skin, hair and eyes. If an animal is born with an inability to produce pigmentation, it is classified as an albino. This condition is caused when a recessive gene from each parent is passed on to the offspring.
Since Sheba was born with albinism, we can conclude that Sheba’s sire (Rasputin VI, AKC Registration No. WD180171) and dam (Dynamo Humm, AKC Registration No. WD278225) both carried the same homozygous recessive gene. It is also important to note that all albino Dobermans purposefully-bred since then, descend directly from Sheba.
Albino Dobermans quickly gained a niche market for their novelty. They have been exploited for years by unscrupulous breeders who sell these poor dogs as “rare white” Dobermans. In truth, they suffer from the significant health issues that are common to albinism: photophobia/photosensitivity (abnormal intolerance to light), skin lesions and tumors (skin cancer). These animals also often have temperament issues due to their lack of visual acuity and many end up in animal and Doberman rescues abandoned by owners ill-equipped to handle them.
White or Cream Doberman -
There is no such animal. Refer to Albino Doberman above.
AKC - American Kennel Club -
From the AKC website mission statement:
"The American Kennel Club is a not-for-profit organization dedicated to upholding the integrity of its Registry, promoting the sport of purebred dogs and breeding for type and function. Founded in 1884, the AKC® and its affiliated organizations advocate for the purebred dog as a family companion, advance canine health and well-being, work to protect the rights of all dog owners and promote responsible dog ownership."
While officially a not-for-profit organization, there are some questions that should be addressed.
If they are truly about the betterment of purebred dogs, why allow albino dog registrations? - Answer - $
If their entire mission is about the dogs why are the top officials getting paid 6 and 7 figure salaries? Couldn't that money be better spent on animal welfare?
CKC - Continental Kennel Club -
From the CKC website "Who we are":
CKC is an all-breed canine registry and an organization comprised of educated dog owners, experienced breeders, dog training experts, and professional partners who specialize in important aspects of canine care and breeding. Established by a small group of passionate dog breeders in 1991, we have continued to provide both breeders and owners with quality canine registration services and a superior membership experience. We are dedicated to empowering breeders, educating dog owners, enhancing breeds, and supporting the extraordinary bond between dogs and humans.